In brief: on the banks of the Moldava, very central.
Highlights: Vitkov National Monument, Invalidovna, Karlin Musical Theatre.
Getting there: Metro Lines B and C interlink at Florenc: Bus station for international and city services. Numerous tram lines run to the centre.
Why stay: more peaceful in the north and livelier towards the centre, great walks in the Troja area.
This neighbourhood of Prague covers a very wide area and is an interesting choice for tourists since it is very close to the centre. Karlin was once an agricultural area that after intensive building work and its connection to the main lines of public transport (metro line B) became part of the city of Prague as an independent municipality at the beginning of the XIX century. It is home to the majestic National Vitkov Monument and the equestrian statue of Jan Zizka; both built between 1929 and 1938 to honour those that participated in the struggle for the foundation of the Czech Republic with Jan Zizka at the front of the battle field. In the Second World War it became a military storehouse whilst it is currently home to the museum of modern history for the Czech state and Czechoslovakia - the only museum in the country that gathers documents and objects representing its modern history. The statue of Zizka is the largest equestrian statue in the world (nine metres tall and weighing 16.5 tons) Another place of tourist interest is the baroque style building known as the Invalidovna which was built in the XVIII century to provide refuge for the wounded soldiers of the army or war invalids. The original project included nine buildings however only one block was finally built between 1732 and 1737 and designed by architect Ignac Diezenhofer. In 1935 the soldiers sheltering there were moved to a different location and the Invalidovna building became an archive for the Czech Army. In 2002 the majority of the archived material was lost in the floods that ravaged the city that same year. Near to the National Monument is the Karlin Musical Theatre (Hudební divadlo Karlín), that was built in 1881 in neo-baroque style and is currently the second largest theatre in the city. The building was originally used as a circus and later was adapted for variety and cabaret shows, moving on to hosting theatre companies from 1920 onwards and opera from 1932.